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From “Me” to “We” with Bees - Keynote by Gene Robinson

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  • From “Me” to “We” with Bees - Keynote by Gene Robinson

    A. Bee’s Purpose
    1. Products
    2. Service to Mankind
    3. Social Interaction

    B. What is Genome?
    1. Ultimate book of life
      1. Large piece of DNA composed genes
      2. Contains instructions, histories & prophesies
    2. Genes encode proteins
      1. DNA>RNA>Protein
      2. Development>Transfer>Work
    3. What is genomics?
      1. A science that uses info from genomes to solve grand challenges
      2. Tech + Evolution
    4. Genes and Social Dynamic
      1. Genes direct Social Behavior
      2. Social Info feeds back Altered brain and behavior.

    C. Genome project started during Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD)
    1. When Antibiotics used genes down-regulate
    2. Detox used: genes up- and down-regulate
    3. There are Regional differences

    D. Social Challenge and Opportunity
    1. Territory Intrustion
    2. Parental Care
    3. Alloparental Care
    4. Colony Intrusion
    5. Queen Larva Nursing

    E. Genes alter activity when proposed a social challenge, but shared over species with bees, fish and mice
    1. Themes:
      1. Biological Process
        1. Brain Metabolism - Change in the genes in the way metabolism changes, I.e. more aggressive with threatened
          1. Fenpryroximate and Tetradifon (complex inhibitors)
        2. Some individuals were unresponsive to tests with either challenge or rearing opportunity. Are there Autistic Bees?
          1. Differences in genetics of guards vs nurses vs unresponsive bees
          2. Bar Coded bees for Automated Behavioral Monitoring
            1. Tracked Trophallaxis of Queen > Some Workers > Lonely bees
          3. Used Human Autism related genes to compare to genes with socially unresponsive bees - Three major gene marker overlaps
            1. No overlap with other mental illness
            2. Social animal genes are using the same building blocks and pathways even when the species evolved “individually”
        3. Brain Building Blocks
          1. Cocaine makes bees dance more: Tuning the rewards system on.
          2. When a solitary insect finds good food she eats more.
          3. When a honey bee finds good food she dances more. (Motivated and Modulated)
        4. Virus infected bees interact less with hive mates
          1. Less reaction = stay home from work
            1. less trophyllaxis
            2. Move more around the hive
            3. Forage more
            4. Attacked less by guards drifting to other hives
            5. Fed more by guards drifting to other hives
            6. She Smells different than a healthy bee
          2. Greater reaction = like sneezing
      2. Cellular Process - not covered in this talk
      3. Molecular Process - not covered in this talk

    F. How to Make a honey bee
    1. Ground plan of solitary bees + molecular universals of the social brain

    G. Conserved genes + novel genes are important
    1. only 0.3% species have had their genomes mapped
    2. They Would like to sequence all world’s genes in next 10 years

    H. Powerful interplay between basic and applied research - historic strength of apiculture

    Last edited by atollerson; 09-27-2019, 03:56 AM.
    Kalispell, Montana Zone 4a
    Third Year Journeyman Beekeeper